PPT on POCSO ACT - View PPT
Video of Child Sexual Abuse - View Link
PREVENTION OF CHILD AGAINST SEXUAL OFFENCES (POCSO) COMMITTEE - View Notice
Child abuse and neglect have devastating effects on children that can last a lifetime. Abuse and neglect can increase the possibility of a child having a developmental delay and long-term emotional disabilities. These children also have an increased risk of involvement in drugs, sexually risky behavior and behavioral disabilities. Child abuse may be physical, sexual or emotional.
SIGNS OF CHILD ABUSE
Children who are experiencing abuse or neglect may show observable signs.
They may be dropped off at school without appropriate clothing for the season, left without supervision too early at school or not picked up well after hours. They may have behavior problems such as acting out or getting multiple discipline referrals. They may also show more withdrawn and emotional behaviors such as crying easily, keeping to themselves or difficulty relating to peers and adults. They are also at risk for poor school performance.
Parents or other caregivers who abuse their children are often under a great deal of stress and may give vent to their stress on the children. They may feel as if there is no problem with their behavior toward the child. In such households, discipline tends to be severe, and physical punishment is the norm. Parents may be emotionally abusive, using harsh language, putdowns and mocking behavior toward their children.
IDENTIFYING CHILD NEGLECT
Child neglect involves denying a child what he needs for basic survival.
Child neglect is an act of omission or commission leading to the denial of child’s basic needs. Neglect can be physical, educational, emotional, or psychological. Physical neglect entails denial of food, clothing, appropriate medical care or supervision. It may include abandonment.
Inadequate clothing, nutrition, educational and emotional support are examples. Meeting a child's physical needs such as adequate housing, medical care or basic supervision are often problems in neglectful households. Children who are neglected are often poorly prepared for school and may miss school a lot.
These children may steal from others in an attempt to get the things they need. They may appear unwashed and unkempt. They may be sick repeatedly for long periods of time. In some cases, children who are not adequately supervised will become involved in drugs or alcohol, and the parents may be unaware or not care.
Physical abuse occurs when an adult hurts a child causing injury. Physical injury may be caused by hitting, excessive spanking, cigarette burns (or other types of burns or scalds), shaking, kicking or other types of physical violence. Bruises, burns and cuts in unusual places are possible signs of abuse. Bruises on knees and scraped elbows, however, are usually common injuries children get while playing. When parents and children give differing explanations for the cause of an injury, abuse may be a factor.
Emotional abuse leaves scars on children that cannot always be seen. Emotional abuse negatively affects a child's psychological and emotional development and may have long-term effects on cognitive development as well. Most emotional abuse is verbal. In these cases, parents or caregivers continually put the child down, blame him for problems that he could not possibly have caused, call him names or use similar forms of verbal abuse.
Emotional abuse may also involve non-physical punishment designed to humiliate, shame or terrify the child.
Sexual abuse occurs when an adult has inappropriate sexual involvement with a child. It may involve sexual talking or texting or any physical contact such as intercourse, sodomy or touching. As with other forms of abuse, sexual abuse has devastating long-term effects on a child's psychological and physiological development.
HOW TO PREVENT CHILD ABUSE?
Parents are responsible for doing all they can to keep their children from being in situations that make them vulnerable.
- Talk to your child about staying safe. Let the child listen to you & engage.
- Make safety rules and plans for every situation, review the safety rules.
- Help your child build self-esteem and confidence.
- Teach your child effective communication strategies.
- A child should know that a decision is actually a choice, and that each choice has consequences.
- Respect your child’s decisions. Let him bear the consequences of his decisions and
- Tell your child it is alright to be scared.
- Tell your child that any abuse that happens is not their fault.
- Be a good listener, be patient, find time for your child.
- Be a good role model for your child
- Be alert for signs of trouble – Listen to your child talk about adults they spend time with. If your child seems afraid or described an unusually close relationship, learn more.
Under the POCSO Act 2012 School staff members are required by law to report incidents of suspected abuse of children.
Reporting abuse is a critical first step in protecting the child and getting the family the help it needs to stop the cycle of abuse and neglect.
ANTI-CORPORAL PUNISHMENT POLICY
The Right of children to Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE, 2009), clearly states that no child shall be subjected to “physical punishment or mental harassment” in schools. Those officials that contravene this provision shall be liable for disciplinary action under service rules applicable to them.
It is not easy to define corporal punishment as it involves humiliation and insult which a child feels as a subject. Considering the millions of ways in which punishment is perpetrated on children in contemporary times, it is impossible to exhaust all the forms of insinuations and violence. However, following behaviour has been categorically put under Anti corporal policy of the school.
PHYSICAL PUNISHMENT is understood as any action that causes pain, hurt/injury and discomfort to a child, however light. Examples of physical punishment include but are not restricted to the following:
- Causing physical harm to children by hitting, kicking, scratching, pinching, biting, pulling the hair, boxing ears, smacking, slapping, and spanking or with any implement (cane, stick, shoe, chalk, dusters, belt, whip, giving electric shock etc.)
- Making children assume an uncomfortable position (standing on the bench, standing against the wall in a chair-like position, standing with a schoolbag on the head, holding ears through legs, kneeling etc.)
- Forced ingestion of anything (for example: washing soap, mud, chalk, hot spices etc.)
- Detention in the classroom, library, toilet or any closed space in the school.
MENTAL HARASSMENT is understood as any non-physical treatment that is detrimental to the academic and psychological well-being of a child. It includes but is not restricted to the following:
- Sarcasm that hurts or lowers the child’s dignity; Calling names and scolding using humiliating adjectives, intimidation;
- Using derogatory remarks for the child, including pinning of slogans;
- Ridiculing the child with regard to his/her background or status or parental occupation or caste;
- Ridiculing the child with regard to his/her health status or that of the family – especially HIV/AID Sand tuberculosis;
- Belittling a child in the classroom due to his/her inability to meet the teacher’s expectations of academic achievement;
- Punishing or disciplining a child, not recognizing that most children who perform poorly in academics are actually children with special needs. Such children could have conditions like learning disability, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, mild developmental delay etc.
- Using punitive measures to correct a child and even labeling him/her as difficult; such as a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder who may not only fare poorly in academics, but also pose a problem in management of classroom behaviors;
- ‘Shaming’ the child to motivate the child to improve his performance and
- Ridiculing a child with developmental problems such as learning difficulty or a speech disorder, such as, stammering or speech articulation disorder.
DISCRIMINATION is understood as prejudiced views and behaviour towards any child because of her/his caste/gender, occupation or region and non-payment of fees or for being a student admitted under the25% reservation to disadvantaged groups or weaker sections of society under the RTE, 2009. It can be latent; manifest; open or subtle. It includes but is not restricted to the following:
- Bringing social attitudes and prejudices of the community into the school by using belittling remarks against a specific social group or gender or ability/disability;
- Assigning different duties and separate seating in schools based on caste, community or gender prejudices for example, cleaning of toilets assigned by caste; task of making tea;
- Commenting on academic ability based on caste or community prejudices and
- Denying a facility like library books or uniforms or sports facilities to a child or group of children based on caste, community, religion or gender.
SCHOOL PHILOSOPHY (INTRODUCTION)
The concept of punishment has always nursed a sense of fear and learning does not occur in a fear prone environment. It is therefore imperative that schools should adopt such methods by which the learner develops a sense of self-confidence and self-dependence On certain occasions, when the behaviour and attitude of the students is acceptable, it is important to find out the reasons for such errant behaviour and counsel them appropriately rather than to punish them straight away.
Corporal punishment signals to the child that a way to settle interpersonal conflicts is to use physical force and inflict pain. Such children may in turn resort to such behavior themselves. They may also fail to develop trusting, secure relationships with adults and fail to evolve the necessary skills to settle disputes or wield authority in less violent ways. Supervising adults who will-fully humiliate children and punish by force and pain are often causing more harm than they prevent.
Research on corporal punishment has shown that it is indeed harmful. Many other methods of discipline are effective in promoting self-control, eliminating undesirable behaviors and promoting desired behaviors in children. The school recommends non-violent methods of addressing inappropriate behavior, such as behavior management and school-wide positive behavior supports.
The School believes that there is no scope for such punishments in the learning environment and the teachers should adopt strategies by which the learner realizes one’s mistake, if any, rather than face a corporal punishment by the institution. Love reinforces confidence and once the learner believes that the school atmosphere is permeating with love from the teachers, they will desist from indulging any acts that would negate the environment that has been built.
THE SCHOOL HAS A ZERO TOLERANCE TO CORPORAL PUNISHMENT. THE SCHOOL UNDERTAKES THE FOLLOWING STEPS TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE TO THE ABOVE STATED.
ROLE OF SCHOOL MANAGEMENT / ADMINISTRATION
- All staff associated with the school is made familiar with such guidelines.
- All staff ensures that all children enjoy their rights as per the RTE Act.
- All forms of interaction with children and amongst children is geared towards ensuring this objective. All staff ensures that the child is treated in a manner that encourages him or her to stay in school and learn to his or her potential.
- No physical punishment or mental harassment of any kind or any form of discrimination based on gender, caste, class, disability etc is permitted.
- Any instance of corporal punishment, mental harassment or discrimination is dealt with in a time-bound manner in such a way that implications for the child are minimised.
- It is the responsibility of all staff to create an environment free of all forms of fear, trauma, prejudice and discrimination.
- The treatment of the child in the school is such that the child feels included and secure.
- All children are informed through campaigns and publicity drives that they have a right to speak against physical punishments, mental harassment and discrimination and bring it to the notice of the authorities. They are given confidence to make complaints and not accept punishment as a ‘normal’ activity of the school.
- The conduct of the teacher and administration is such that it fosters a spirit of inclusion, care and nurturing.
- All School Management and Educational Administration Authorities regular training programmes to enable teaches and educational administrators to make a shift to a rights based approach to education and abolish physical punishment, mental harassment and discrimination. The teachers are trained in the skills required to positively engage with children who are different in order to understand their predicaments.
- The School Management / Administration instructs every school Headmaster/Head teacher to hold a meeting with all parents of the school as well as the school Management Committees or Parent Teacher Association on the guidelines and the procedures to be adopted for protecting children and their rights in schools.
- A mechanism for children to express their grievances both in person and anonymously is provided. Drop Boxes for complaints are placed in the school to address the same anonymity of the children/parents is maintained while sharing the details of the complaints/grievances with other agencies such as the media in order to protect their privacy / confidentiality.
POLICY PROHIBITING HARASSMENT, INTIMIDATION AND BULLYING
The School prohibits acts of harassment, intimidation or bullying. A safe and civil environment in school is necessary for students to learn and achieve high academic standards. Harassment, intimidation, bullying, disruptive or violent behaviors, a conduct that disrupts both a student’s ability to learn and school’s ability to educate its students in a safe and disciplined environment is absolutely forbidden. Students learn by example, therefore school administrators, faculty, staff and volunteers are expected to demonstrate appropriate behavior, treating others with civility and respect and refusing to tolerate harassment, intimidation or bullying.
"Harassment, intimidation or bullying" means any gesture, any written, verbal or physical act, or any electronic communication (a communication transmitted by means of an electronic device, including, but not limited to, a telephone, cellular phone, computer, or pager), whether it be a single incident or a series of incidents which are:
- Reasonably perceived as being motivated either by any actual or perceived characteristic, such as race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, or a mental, physical or sensory disability, or
- By any other distinguishing characteristic; and that
- Takes place on school property, at any school-sponsored function, on a school bus, or off school grounds that substantially disrupts or interferes with the orderly operation of the school or the rights of other students; and that
- A reasonable person should know, under the circumstances, that the act(s) will have the effect of physically or emotionally harming a student or damaging the student’s property, or placing a student in reasonable fear of physical or emotional harm to his person or damage to his property; or
- Has the effect of insulting or demeaning any student or group of students; or
- Creates a hostile educational environment for the student by interfering with a student’s education or by severely or pervasively causing physical or emotional harm to the student.
Bullying is most commonly witnessed amongst students, though not overtly it can be:
|Emotional||Being unfriendly, excluding, tormenting (e.g. hiding books, threatening gestures)|
|Physical||Pushing, kicking, biting, hitting, punching or any use of violence|
|Racial||Racial taunts, graffiti, gestures|
|Sexual||Unwanted physical contact or sexually abusive comments|
|Direct or indirect Verbal||Name-calling, sarcasm, spreading rumours, teasing|
|Cyber Bullying||· All areas of internet ,such as email and internet chat Twitter, Facebook misuse· Mobile threats by text messaging and calls· Misuse of associated technology , i.e. camera and video facilities, Ipad, games consoles,|
Bullying may be related to:
- SEN or disability
- Appearance or health condition
- Home circumstances
- Sexual orientation, sexism, or sexual bullying, homophobia
Bullying can take place in the classroom, playground, toilets, on the journey to and from school, on residential trips and cyberspace. It can take place in group activities and between families in the local community.
PERPETRATORS AND VICTIMS
Bullying takes place where there is an imbalance of power of one person or persons over another.
This can be achieved by:
- The size of the individual,
- The strength of the individual
- The numbers or group size involved
- Anonymity – through the use of cyber bullying or using email, social networking sites, texts etc
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO RESPOND TO BULLYING?
Bullying hurts. No one deserves to be a victim of bullying. Bullying has the potential to damage the mental health of a victim. Everybody has the right to be treated with respect.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS FOR PARENTS AND STAFF
A child may indicate through his/her behaviour that he or she is being bullied. Adults should be aware of these possible signs and that they should investigate if a child:
- is frightened of walking to or from school
- begs to be driven to school
- changes his/her usual routine
- is unwilling to go to school (school phobic)
- begins to truant
- becomes withdrawn anxious, or lacking in confidence
- starts stammering
- attempts or threatens suicide or runs away
- cries himself/herself to sleep at night or has nightmares
- feels ill in the morning
- begins to put in less effort with school work than previously
- comes home with clothes torn or books damaged
- has possessions which are damaged or " go missing"
- asks for money or starts stealing money
- has unexplained cuts or bruises
- comes home hungry (money / lunch has been stolen)
- becomes aggressive, disruptive or unreasonable
- is bullying other children or siblings
- stops eating
- is frightened to say what's wrong
- gives improbable excuses for any of the above
- is afraid to use the internet or mobile phone
- is nervous and jumpy when a cyber-message is received
- lack of eye contact
- becoming short tempered
- change in attitude to people at home.
These signs and behaviours could indicate other social, emotional and/or mental health problems, but bullying should be considered a possibility and should be investigated thoroughly.
SCHOOL POLICY ON PROHIBITION OF HARASSMENT, INTIMIDATION AND BULLYING:
The ethos of our School fosters high expectations of outstanding behavior. It is expected that students will conduct themselves in keeping with their levels of development, maturity and demonstrated capabilities, with a proper regard for the rights and welfare of other students and school staff, the educational purpose underlying all school activities and the care of school facilities and equipment.
- Students and staff are expected to behave in a way that creates a conducive learning environment. The best discipline is self-imposed, and it is the responsibility of staff to use instances of violations of the school’s policies and rules and regulations as opportunities for helping students learn to assume and accept responsibility for their behavior and the consequences of their behavior.
- Staff to follow the equality policy; supporting every child in the school. Staff must be careful not to highlight differences of children or an individual child, even if this is done in jest. This gives other children advocacy to use this difference to begin calling names or teasing.
- Staff must be vigilant regarding groups of friends together. Friendship groups may bring about the imbalance of power and must be led towards welcoming others to join them and not excluding others from their group.
- Staff must reinforce a general message that children do not have to be friends with everyone else, but they must be respectful of everyone else’s feelings and be kind to each other.
- It is expected that all students and staff will act in accordance with the behavioral expectations set forth in the Code of conduct for Staff & Students.
- The School expects that all students and staff will refrain from becoming involved in any bullying, harassing, intimidating or threatening behaviors.
- “Zero tolerance” has become a school and workplace necessity and each student is being taught, and each staff member is expected to demonstrate an understanding, that any of these actions (verbal or written) bring serious consequences, no matter how inconsequential the student or staff member may believe his/her intentions to be.
- When an incident of bullying has taken place, staff must record & report each incident to Principal / Vice Principal / Headmistress.
- Further prohibited by this policy is reprisal, retaliation or false accusation against a victim, witness, one with reliable information or any other person who has reliable information about an act of harassment, intimidation or bullying or who reports an act of harassment, intimidation or bullying.
- The consequence and appropriate remedial action for a person who engages in reprisal or retaliation shall be determined by the appropriate school administrator after consideration of the nature, severity and circumstances of the act in accordance with this policy and the school handbooks.
As part of our safety and security initiative a PPT on bullying was shown to the student discussing the various forms of bullying and its prevention through the smart class. - View PPT
Substance abuse / illegal drugs means any unlawful, intoxicating or stupefying substances, these include tobacco, alcohol, prescription drugs, and other psychoactive compound.
Substance abuse is prohibited by law and severe action will be taken against perpetrators.
PURPOSE AND SCOPE
The aim of this policy is to encourage all students to abstain from using any drugs (other than those which are medically prescribed), including alcohol and tobacco.
The school does not tolerate:
- the use or possession of any illegal or prohibited substance;
- the possession of drug-related equipment such as cigarette papers, pipes,
- matches, lighters, bottle ends, foils or other;
- performance enhancing drugs;
- the inappropriate use of solvents, inhalants, aerosols and similar agents;
- the consumption of alcohol and the smoking of tobacco.
If any student is involved in dealing or selling any of the above mentioned substances, disciplinary action will be taken.
The school will respond to substance abuse with serious punishments, with a humanitarian view. Our approach will be one of prevention education. The school undertakes to educate (through guidance lessons, life skills) to inform (using outside speakers, exhibitions) and to guide and support (counselling, peer-counselling).
Anybody found in possession of or using any of these substances either on school property, or when in school uniform, or when under the supervision of the school, or attending school-related functions including sports outings, tours and social events, will be subject to the following procedure:
- The student will be required to have a drug test administered.
- If a student tests positive for a substance use, the student will first be interviewed by school management or the school counsellor to determine the nature and extent of the student’s involvement with drugs (casual experimentation / habitual use / dependence / dealing, etc.) and determine the appropriate response.
- The student’s parents will be informed of the alleged involvement and will be required to attend a meeting at the school with the Principal, and the School Counsellor.
On the basis of the meeting, the school will take the necessary action:
- Inform the parents of a pending disciplinary hearing.
- Disciplinary action against the student may follow if, in the opinion of the hearing, this is warranted by the nature of the student’s involvement with drugs. The results of such disciplinary action may include the provision of support, including counselling, to a range of punishments which may include recommendation for expulsion.
- Drug testing and searches will be done when substance abuse or the possession of illegal substances is suspected.
- Dealing in drugs or involving others in their use will normally result in a recommendation that the pupil be expelled from the school.
The school needs to be informed if any leaner needs to bring prescription drugs to school. Students are not allowed to bring more than one day’s dose to school.
ADDICTION, TREATMENT AND HELP
The school understands that addiction is a medical problem.
Students who experience problems with substance abuse or related matters, and need help, will be treated in confidence and will not be discriminated against in any way.
The drug policy is for the benefit of all parties concerned. The aim of the policy is to assist, educate and guide students, and to help those who want to be helped or who need help. The school through its CFSI Centre with the help of School Counselor shall assist in the rehabilitation efforts of the students.
Cyber Policy 2018 - Click Here
CBSE Circular on Cyber Safety - CBSE Circular 2017
PPT on Cyber Policy - Click Here
PPT on Cyber Safety Awareness - Click Here
A : CYBER SAFETY
According to ‘Online Victimization: A Report on the Nation's Youth,’ a recent study conducted for The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC).
- One in 20 has potential financial threat.
- One in four regular Internet users younger than 17 is exposed to unwanted sexually oriented pictures online during the past year.
- One in five youths received an online sexual solicitation or approach during the past year.
- One in 17 was threatened or harassed online during the past one year.
- One in 33 received an aggressive sexual solicitation online involving offline contact or a request for offline contact during the past year.
What might those statistics mean in real numbers? Quite a lot-- almost 24 million youths between the ages of ten and seventeen used the Internet regularly last year and the number is multiplying everyday.
WHAT IS CYBER SECURITY?
Cyber security is a branch of technologies, processes and practices designed to protect networks, computers, programs and data from attacks, damages or unauthorized access.
The concept of Cyber security has become very relevant as the users of these devices are prone to direct or an indirect attack in a friendly or not so friendly way from those who have intentions to exploit them physically, financially, on account of terrorism or to the extent beyond imagination of these individuals.
TYPES OF CYBER RISKS:
Cyber risks can be divided into three distinct types:
- Cyber Crime
Conducted by individuals or organized groups. The intent of Cyber criminals is extracting money, data or causing disruption. Cyber crime can take many forms, including the acquisition of credit/debit card data and intellectual property, and impairing the operations of a website or service.
- Cyber War
A nation or a state conducting a sabotage or an espionage against another nation in order to create a law and order problem or to disrupt economy.
- Cyber Terror
An organization, working independently of any nation or a state, conducts terrorist activities through the medium of cyberspace.
- Almost every child in the urban or semi urban society is hooked to the internet;
- These children start using internet as early as the age of 7yrs;
- Children by nature are very inquisitive and thus, try everything new;
- The Internet offers them a world of glamorous opportunities;
AND THESE INNOCENT MINDS ARE UNAWARE OF THE RISKS INVOLVED SUCH AS:
- Inappropriate conduct
- Inappropriate content
- Inappropriate contact
THERE IS A GENERAL LACK OF AWARENESS ABOUT:
- Cyber threats;
- Safe online habits;
- Legal provisions dealing with cyber space;
All this makes children a potential victim of Cybercrime.
WHICH IS THE APPROPRIATE AGE FOR KIDS TO ACCESS ONLINE SERVICES?
Children live and breathe this environment as “digital natives”. Excluding them from the digital world could prove to be a disadvantage for their development.
We, therefore, need to ensure that minors are able to use online services under adequate supervision of their parents and teachers and are even further protected with the help of suitable safety tools, such as parental controls, as well as adherence to good practices. Remember, children normally access those online services – such as social network or other adult oriented sites which have not been developed for them. Also services, such as email, prohibit children under the age of 13 from creating an account. However, in both cases, no mechanisms have been put in place to enable the user’s age to be verified, given that any date of birth can be used to fulfill the requirements. Additionally, the checks used can be easily sidestepped. The main reason why children under 13 are not allowed to have an email address or a social network profile is the law protecting a child’s privacy, commonly known as COPPA (Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act), which companies have to comply with.
So, there is an urgent need to inculcate safe online habits. Since Internet is a reality & cannot be wished away and you cannot block sites exclusively for the children, so-
- Children must learn how to Pause & Think before they connect online.
- Children must learn to be safe and alert on the Internet.
The Mantra of online safety is ‘Pause & Think before you Connect !’
When I say PAUSE it means :
Ask yourself these questions:
- Do you know and trust the persons you are dealing with ?
- Do you understand the implications of what you are sharing and downloading?
- How will you feel if your information ends up somewhere you didn’t intend?
In the answer to these questions lies your online safety.
PRECAUTIONS, OUR CHILDREN MUST TAKE !
- Limit your online friends to people you already know.
- Change privacy settings to restrict who can see and post on your profile on Facebook, Whatsapp etc. Don’t stick with the defaults.
WHILE ONLINE …
- Seek guidance before participating in any online activity.
- Most Apps are interested in your personal data.
- You decide whether they are worth the privacy loss ?
Don’t think that Instagram, Whatsapp, Facebook or Snapchat are free. If you create your account on any of these social networking apps or, games, you are giving your personal data, chats, pics and personal videos to these companies which later on sell to the other companies for purposes like sending ads, schemes etc. Even from your chats, they analyze your taste, your interest and the group opinions about popular eating points, movies, places, dresses, etc. Not only this, data is used by the entrepreneurs to expand or start a new business but can also become a real security threat for the user.
Children need to be aware of loading up PCs, tablets, phones, with applications that have not been approved or checked out.
Be careful on pop up messages like “you won” or “you will get free”, just ignore these messages.
While installing any app or software always read the instructions carefully.
GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOLS :
Schools must have a curriculum on digital citizenship and online safety. This is very important as the statistics of cyber bullying, stalking, sexting, scandals, predators, and privacy invasions continue to rise. It is vital for schools to address these issues and coach students through the Wild West of the internet. Also schools must -
- Develop programs to educate and inform children, students and parents about the opportunities and challenges of ICTs in learning programs.
- Monitor e-mail traffic and Internet use.
- Provide filters on school servers to help guard against access to inappropriate materials.
- Provide direction and advice about ICTs (including the Internet and mobile phones) use and misuse, such as bullyingand e-crime.
- Ensure appropriate supervision & monitoring
- Keep abreast of constantly changing Internet safety information and communicate regularly to all stake holders.
- Inculcate net etiquettes to the students from class I onwards.
- Plan various classroom activities to spread awareness on Cyber Security and Digital Citizenship
GUIDELINES FOR PARENTS :
HOW DO YOU KNOW IF YOUR CHILD IS BEING CYBERBULLIED?
- Snappy answers and moods swings
- Deletes social network account
- Withdraws himself from friends and family in real life
- Dramatic physical changes
- Pretending to be sick and trying to avoid school
STEPS TO BE TAKEN:
- Establish limits for which online sites children may visit and for how long.
- Remember that Internet technology can be mobile, so make sure to monitor cell phones, gaming devices, and laptops. Position the computer in such a manner that you can monitor all activities effectively.
- Surf the Internet with your children and let them show you what they like to do online.
- Know who is connecting with your children online and set rules for social networking, instant messaging, e-mailing, online gaming, and using webcams.
- Continually dialogue with your children about online safety.
- Inform your child that they need to tell you if they get any weird or upsetting messages while chatting.
- Do not permit your child to be left alone in cyberspace for long periods of time – this is when they are most vulnerable.
- Educate them about the risks of webcam. Videos that broadcast over the internet are permanently out there and can be saved by anyone for later viewing or distribution.
- Talk to them about the implications of posting inappropriate pictures, saying disparaging things about other people and anything else that could damage a reputation or ruin a friendship.
Educate them about the Indian Cyber Laws. They are stringent, impose strict penalties and can be quite unforgiving at times.
- Hacking email ids
- Creating a fake profile in the name of someone else
- Pasting pictures of known persons on objectionable sites
- Sending derogatory emails and messages are some of the activities that can invite legal action.
- Teach your child that everything that one sees on the internet may not be true.
- People may be different than what they claim to be on the internet
PARENTS ARE THE ROLE MODELS FOR THEIR CHILDREN AND THEY WATCH WHAT YOU DO. THUS, IF PARENTS WANT THEIR CHILDREN TO BE SAFE AND SECURE, THEY MUST CHANGE THEMSELVES.
B : CYBER POLICY
In today’s world, we are surrounded by electronic gadgets everywhere. As an educational institution, it is the school’s responsibility to provide Internet facilities and IT devices/equipment which will benefit student learning outcomes, and the effective operations of the school.
However, these technologies (some provided partly or wholly by the school and some privately owned by the staff, students and other members of the school community), can also facilitate anti-social, inappropriate, and even illegal, material and activities. The school has the dual responsibility to maximize the benefits of these technologies, while at the same time to minimize and manage the risks.
Thus, we need to have in place, rigorous and effective school Cyber Safety practices which are directed and guided by this Cyber Policy.
It is a complex environment consisting of interactions between people, software services supported by worldwide distribution of information and communication technology.
Owing to the numerous benefits brought about by technology, the cyberspace is a common pool of resources used by students, citizens, businesses, critical information infrastructure and all stake holders.
Information Technology (IT) is one of the critical sectors that rides on and resides in Cyberspace.
We must provide a right kind of focus for secured computing environment and adequate trust and confidence in electronic transactions, software, services, devices and networks.
Cyberspace is vulnerable to a wide variety of incidents, whether intentional or accidental, manmade or natural and the data exchanges in the cyberspace can be exploited for nefarious purposes.
ELECTRONIC CRIME (E-CRIME)
It occurs when computers, or any other electronic communication equipment or devices (such as mobile phones or the internet), are used to commit an offence, are targeted in an offence, or act as storage devices in an offence.
They include (such as desktops, notebooks, and tablets), storage devices (USB and flash memory devices, CDs, DVDs, floppy disks, ipods, MP3 players), cameras (video and digital cameras and web cams), all types of mobile phones, gaming consoles, video and audio players or receivers (portable CD and DVD players), and any other similar technologies
TYPES OF ELECTRONIC CRIME (E-CRIME)
- Fraud & Financial Crimes: Computer fraud is dishonest misrepresentation of fact intended to cause loss. For example, bank fraud, identity theft, extortion, and theft of classified information.
- Obscene or offensive content: The content of websites and other electronics communications may be distasteful, obscene or offensive for a variety of reasons. In some instances these communications may be illegal.
- Cyber bullying: content may be offensive in a non-specific way, harassment directs obscenities and derogatory comments at specific individuals focusing for example on gender, race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation. This often occurs in chat rooms, through newsgroups, and by sending hate e-mail to interested parties. Any comment that may be found derogatory or offensive is considered harassment.
- Threats: Advertisements promising unrealistic products/services (adware) and software that intentionally causes harm (Malware)
- Cyber Terrorism: A cyber terrorist is someone who intimidates or coerces a government or organization to advance his or her political or social objectives by launching computer based attack against computers, network, and the information stored on them.
To build a secured and resilient cyberspace for citizens.
Need of a Cyber Policy:
“To protect information and infrastructure in cyberspace, build capabilities to prevent and respond to cyber threat, reduce vulnerabilities and minimize damage from cyber incidents through a combination of institutional structures, people, processes, technology and cooperation.
This policy applies whenever students are using Bal Bharati Public School Information Technology equipment, services and/or resources, whether such equipment, service and/or resources is being used at school or home.
- Students must not eat/drink near the IT devices.
- Must respect school equipment and should not indulge in moving the IT equipment and/or cables.
- Students must not cause damage to any equipment. If they spot any damage, they must inform the teachers immediately.
- Must not use flash drives or any other external media(Cell phone, hard disk, CD, camera etc.) for the purpose of
- Saving or transferring the work
- Installing new software without due permission from the computer faculty.
- Viewing social media sites/registering on any website/downloading any material for use must be under the strict supervision of the teacher.
- In the computer lab, Internet access is allowed only after permission from computer faculty and the computer faculty reserves the right to check the IDs of the users.
- Students are not allowed to bring equipment such as iPad, iPod, PSP, mobile phones etc. to the school. Any such equipment confiscated from the students will be kept by the school.
- Students must report incidents of Cyber Bullying and misuse of IT resources to their teachers/parents immediately.
- Hacking emails of school staff or others.
WHAT HAPPENS IF A STUDENT BREACHES THE BAL BHARATI PUBLIC SCHOOL’S CYBER POLICY:
If you breach this policy, you will be subjected to Bal Bharati Public School Behavior Management Policy.
- Minor breaches (like installing new software, accessing internet, connecting IT devices without prior permission of the concerned teacher etc.) of this policy will result in the suspension period of two weeks.
- Major breaches (like cyber bullying, identity theft etc.) of this policy will result in the suspension period of up to ten weeks.
- If you behave online in a manner that threatens the well being of another child, student, parent or member of the school community, even if this occurs off-site during or after the school hours, the Principal/VP/HM has the authority to take appropriate action.
- When it is suspected that a personal electronic device such as a mobile phone is used to capture images of a crime (such as an assault), or contains any other evidence of a crime, the device will be confiscated and handed to the police.
- If the Principal suspects an electronic crime has been committed, this will be reported to the Police Department. Where there is a further reasonable suspicion that evidence of a crime, such as an assault, is contained on a mobile phone or other electronic device such as a notebook, computer etc., and the device will be confiscated and handed to the investigating police officer. The police will determine any further action.
- These actions may be taken even if the alleged incident occurs off site and/or out of school hours.
GUIDELINES FOR PARENTS:
- Place the computer in an open area in your home – not in your children’s bedroom.
- Set clear expectations for your children, based on age and maturity.
- Install parental control (content filtering) software.
- Learn internet basics, be approachable and lead by example.
TIPS FOR PARENTS TO AVOID AND IDENTIFY CYBER BULLYING:
- Discuss any changes in mood or behavior with them. If you concerned, help your child to stay connected to friends and family they trust.
- Talk to your child about cyber bullying before it happens.
- Be aware of what your child is doing online and explore it with them.
- Keep the lines of communication open so your child will be comfortable talking about if something is worrying them. Help your child to develop the skills they need to interact online safely and respectfully online. Guide their online activities and help them learn to communicate appropriately with friends and family.
- Help your child to block anyone who sends offensive content. Most social networking services allow users to block and report someone who is behaving badly.
“Cyber bullying won’t stop if it is ignored – you can help by listening to your child and working with them to take control of the situation.”
GUIDELINES FOR STUDENTS & PARENTS TO USE THE INTERNET SAFELY:
- Don’t give out personal information such as your address or phone number.
- Do not share passwords, user names, account IDs or PINs with anyone besides your parents.
- Do not share other people’s personal information or say things that might violate the safety or rights of others, even if you mean it as a ‘joke’.
- Do not leave the ICT devices unattended.
- Don’t become online ‘friends’ with people you don’t know.
- Don’t open emails or attachments from people you don’t know.
- Never arrange to meet someone in person who you have met online.
- If anything you see or read online worries you, tell your parents/teachers about it.
- Never give out personal details in messenger or in personal profiles.
- Remember that people may not be who they say they are.
- Don’t send pictures to strangers.
- Most reputable chat rooms allow you to block messages from a particular sender.
- Be careful about who you share photos with.
- Use social network’s privacy settings so only your friends can see your stuff.
- What you do not do in real life, don’t do on the internet. This includes all kinds of cyber bullying using text, photos and videos.
PARENT AND STUDENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENT BY:
- To gain access to Bal Bharati Public School Information Technology systems, student and parent(s) must read the policy, understand its contents, and sign and return this Parent and Student Agreement page to the school. You should keep the policy for reference.
- This policy and agreement, along with the additions or amendments, will remain in force as long as the student is enrolled at Bal Bharati Public School, Noida.
- If it becomes necessary to add to, or to amend any of the conditions of this policy, parents and students will be advised in writing via the school circular.
- The policy is available for download from the school website.
I have read and understood that Bal Bharati Public School Cyber-Safety Policy, and understand that student internet access is granted for educational purposes according to the conditions stated in this policy. I understand that the internet is a global network of computers, and that whilst Bal Bharati Public School will monitor the student use of the internet, it is not able to control the content, or restrict student access to all controversial or inappropriate materials. I agree that I will not hold the school responsible. _________________ (student’s name) to be granted access to the Bal Bharati Public School IT Systems, and to the Internet.
Parent’s Signature: ______ Date: _______
I have read and understood the Bal Bharati Public School Cyber Safety Policy, and agree to abide by those rules and conditions. I understand that if I do not abide by this policy, my use of Bal Bharati Public School Information technology Systems will be suspended, and that I will be subject to the School’s Behavior Management Policy and the possible repercussions.
Student’s Signature: ________ Date: _________
Note: All the parents and students should sign this document at the time of admission of his/her ward in Bal Bharati Public Schools.
Sexual harassment is any unwelcome sexually defined behaviour which can range from misbehaviour of an irritating nature to the most serious forms such as sexual abuse and assault, including rape.
The Sexual Harassment of Women (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act 2013 defines sexual harassment to include any one or more of the following unwelcome acts or behaviour (whether directly or by implication) namely:
- Physical contact and advances
- A demand or request for sexual favour
- Making sexually coloured remarks
- Showing pornography
- Any other unwelcome physical, verbal or non-verbal conduct of sexual nature.
Sexual harassment at the workplace is any unwelcome sexually defined behaviour which has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with the individual’s work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, abusive or offensive working environment.
Laws and Procedures: Sexual Harassment in the Workplace Vishaka Guidelines against Sexual Harassment in the Workplace - Vishaka Guidelines
Vishaka Guideline Committee - VIEW COMMITTEE
School Safety Measures - View PPT
CHILD HELPLINE No: 1098
Video on safety measures to be adopted by girls when travelling in Cabs
Buddy Programme- Download PDF
CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE PREVENTION
POCSO ACT 2012 - The GAZETTE of INDIA - View POCSO Act
CBSE CIRCULAR - POCSO ACT 2012 - View POCSO Circular_2015
With regard to the Supreme Court Judgment and guidelines issued in 1997 to provide for the effective enforcement of the basic human right of gender equality and guarantee against sexual harassment and abuse, more particularly against sexual harassment at work places and schools, CBSE has issued circulars since 2004 to all the schools, advising them to establish a permanent cell and a committee and to develop guidelines to combat sexual harassment, violence against women and bullying at the schools. The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act & Rules, 2012 (POCSO) deals with all manners of sexual offences, reporting mechanisms and subsequent penal consequences. Keeping this in mind, the Government of UP hopes to tackle the issues with a set of multidisciplinary prevention guidelines which are supported by legal provisions under the Delhi Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Rules, 2009 and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012.
These guidelines serve as a method for numerous stakeholders from teachers to community welfare associations to the police to ensure that all possible steps are taken to prevent Child Abuse and empower children to "recognize symptoms of potentially abusive situations. It has further advised the schools to be proactive by developing a conducive atmosphere on the campus, where the status of woman/ girl student is respected and they are treated equally without any bias or discrimination. mentally or physically disabled child should enjoy a full and decent life, in conditions which ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and facilitate the child's active participation in the community.
Keeping the above guidelines in view, Bal Bharati Public School, Noida has constituted a Committee Against Sexual Harassment, wherein appropriate measures will be taken to ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner consistent with the child's human dignity and to protect the child from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse.
WHAT IS A CHILD PROTECTION POLICY?
A Child Protection Policy is a statement of intent that demonstrates the commitment to safeguarding children from harm and makes clear to all in an institution and who come into contact with it what is required in relation to the protection of children, and that child abuse in any form is unacceptable.
Though the main purpose of the policy is to protect children from all forms of harm and create an enabling environment, it is also a tool to enhance the commitment of the organization to provide a child friendly environment through sensitizing persons associated and enforcing this policy.
WHAT IS CHILD ABUSE?
Child abuse means any form of maltreatment inflicted on a child including physical abuse, sexual abuse and emotional abuse.
INDICATORS OF ABUSE
PHYSICAL & SEXUAL ABUSE
» Unexplained burns, cuts, bruises or welts in the shape of an object
» Bite marks
» Anti social, violent and/or abrasive behavior
» Problems in school
» Fear of adults
» Drug or alcohol abuse
» Self-destructive or suicidal behavior
» Depression or poor self-image
» Nightmares and Bedwetting
» Drastic changes in Appetite
» Over compliance or excessive aggression
» Fear of a particular person
» Withdrawal, secretiveness or depression
» Suicidal behavior
» Eating disorders
APPROPRIATE STANDARDS OF BEHAVIOR FOR STAFF TOWARDS STUDENTS:
1. Provide an enabling environment for children's personal, physical, social, emotional, moral and intellectual development.
2. Encourage and respect other employee's and children's voices and views.
3. Be inclusive and involve all children without selection or exclusion on the basis of gender, disability, ethnicity, religion or any other status.
4. Be aware of the potential for peer abuse (eg: children bullying, discriminating against, victimizing or abusing children).
5. Develop special measures/supervision to protect younger and especially vulnerable children from peer and adult abuse.
6. Be aware of high risk peer situations (eg: unsupervised mixing of older and younger children and possibility of discrimination against minors).
7. Avoid placing oneself in a compromising or vulnerable situation when meeting with children.
8. Meet with a child in a public, central location whenever possible.
9. Immediately report the circumstances of any situation which occurs or which may be subject to misinterpretation.
10. Make oneself aware and educated on the laws, rules and guidelines related to child protection as amended from time to time.
INAPPROPRIATE / OFFENSIVE BEHAVIOR FOR STAFF AND EMPLOYEES TOWARDS STUDENTS:
1. Hit or otherwise physically assault a child.
2. Use language that will mentally or emotionally abuse
3. Show discrimination of race, culture, age, gender, disability, religion, sexuality, political persuasion or any other status.
4. Develop a sexual relation with a child.
5. Kiss, hug, fondle, rub or touch a child in an inappropriate or culturally insensitive way.
6. Do things of a personal nature that a child could do for him/herself, including dressing, bathing and grooming.
7. Initiate physical contact unless initiated by the child (eg: holding hands).
8. Suggest inappropriate behavior or relations of any kind.
9. Allow children to engage in sexually provocative games with each other.
10. Stand aside when they see inappropriate actions inflicted by children on other children because it is frequent and commonplace.
BEHAVIOR PROTOCOLS FOR VOLUNTEERS & STAFF MEMBERS:
1. Should not give cash or any kind of gifts directly to the children, but always channelize the same through officials.
2. Should not collect photos, videos, or stories of children and/or upload the same on blogs or any social networking sites without prior permission from the authority.
3. Should not ask personal details of the child without a certain reason and if known, then not to divulge it to others.
4. Should not ask any child to meet alone outside campus.
Disciplinary action will be commensurate with the nature of the violation (students)
» Written apology
» Bond of good behavior
» Suspension for specific period of time
» Debarring from exams
» Withholding results
» Debarring from contesting elections
» Debarring from holding leadership posts or membership of Committees
» Denial of admission
» Any other relevant mechanism
THE DISCIPLINARY ACTION WILL BE COMMENSURATE WITH THE NATURE OF THE VIOLATION (EMPLOYEES)
» Written apology
» Bond of good behavior
» Adverse remark in the Confidential Report
» Debarring from supervisory duties
» Denial of membership of statutory bodies
» Denial of re -employment
» Stopping of increments /promotion
» Reverting , demotion
» Any other relevant
COMPOSITION OF POCSO COMMITTEE
The Committee consists of members of the faculty, administration, PTA and students' representatives. The members of the committee for the current academic year 2019-20 are:
PROCEDURE FOR APPROACHING COMMITTEE
A complaint of discrimination or sexual abuse may be lodged by the victim or a third party. A written complaint may be addressed to the Principal. If the complaint is made to any of the Committee members, they may forward it to the School Principal
» Physical contact and advances
» Demand or request for sexual favors
» Sexually colored remarks;
» Allow children to engage in sexually provocative games with each other
» Showing pornography; and
» Other unwelcome physical, verbal or non-verbal conduct of a sexual nature.
» Showing pornography; and
» Other unwelcome physical, verbal or non – verbal conduct by the committee.
THE FOLLOWING IS SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND IS COVERED BY THE COMMITTEE:
» Eve-teasing, Unsavoury remarks, Innuendos and taunts
» Jokes causing or likely to cause awkwardness or embarrassment,
» Gender based insults or sexist remarks,
» Unwelcome sexual overtone in any manner such as over telephone (obnoxious telephone calls)
» Touching or brushing against any part of the body and the like,
» Displaying pornographic or offensive or derogatory pictures, cartoons, or sayings.
» Forcible physical touch or molestation
» Physical confinement against one’s will and any other act likely to violate one’s privacy.
FUNCTIONS AND ROLE OF THE COMMITTEE
A. Workshops And Training Modules: Bal Bharati Public School, Noida will conduct workshops and peer training sessions for students, parents and teachers. The aim of these workshops will be to create awareness about:
» What constitutes abuse and exploitation?
» Manner of reporting and complaining (how and to whom)
» To address the nature, cause and effect of abuse
» To counter and deal with the consequences constructively
» Self-disclosure and safety guidelines for potential instances ahead
B. The Student Council Representatives (Senior & Junior School) will play the following roles:
» Act as peer complaint mediators, with whom the students can discuss their issues
» Participate in peer workshops and work with teachers towards a plan of action
» Create peer facilitators within their own grades, who keep a track of any cases
» Report and observe the misbehavior of any student for possible abuse/issue
C. Employee awareness about POCSO and Child Protection Rights:
» Sensitization and Orientation of Staff at regular intervals
» Appointment of Power Angels in each class.
D. Annual Reports:
Ms.Aditi Gaur and Ms. Surabhi Madhwan will maintain an annual record of:
» Cases (reported)
» Time bound actions taken, Confidentiality and equality ensured for the person in question
» Follow up actions: punitive measures or otherwise
» Redressal and resolving of the cases
E. Meetings and Timely Discussions of the Committee:
The Committee will also hold timely meetings, to discuss the plan of actions, potential cases, queries and updates which will be supervised by the Principal Mrs. Asha Prabhakar.
This will ensure the functioning and progress of the implemented ideas within the school.